Rules behavior in the dojo

It is the responsibility of all aikido practitioners to ensure that aikido techniques are never used with the intent of harming, injuring or traumatizing another person.

In the Dojo (classroom), traditional rules of conduct must be strictly observed. Only Sensei (teacher, instructor) decides whether he will teach you or not. You cannot buy technique.

When entering and leaving the dojo practice area, bow while standing.

When entering or leaving the tatami (mats), a bow is always made in the direction of Shomen or the portrait of the Founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba.

At the beginning and at the end of the class, an etiquette bow to Shomen is performed, followed by two claps of hands, another bow to Shomen, and then a bow between the instructor and the students.

A mutual bow begins and ends with the execution of the technique, as well as the demonstration and explanation.

A bow is required when contacting the instructor or senior students, if during the lesson it becomes necessary to contact them for clarification.

Never beckon or and don’t call out to students or instructors to practice on the tatami.

If you are not sure what to do or how to behave in a given situation, ask a senior student or follow the example of your mentor.

Keiko rules (lesson, practice).

Keikogi (training clothes) must be clean and tidy.

You must have dzari (slippers, sandals – second shoes).

Remove all jewelry, jewelry, and watches before beginning exercise.

Turn off your mobile phone.

Fingernails and toenails should be trimmed short and hands and feet should be clean.

Traditionally, barefoot training on the tatami is allowed, in exceptional cases it is allowed to practice in clean cotton socks specially purchased for training.

It is imperative, especially for children and the elderly, to have simple boiled water or still mineral water with you for individual use.

It is necessary to be ready for keiko and be on the tatami about 5 minutes before the appointed time. If you are late, you need to get permission from the instructor and start the lesson by doing the warm-up exercises on your own.

You can leave the tatami only with the instructor’s permission!

Only seiza is allowed to sit on the tatami, in exceptional cases – in the agura (legs crossed) position. You cannot stretch your legs in front of you or sit with your elbows against the wall.

Walking aimlessly on the tatami and talking during classes, demonstrations and explanations are strictly prohibited.

Always pay attention to the instructor’s explanations and warnings.

Opposition to the technique (resistance) is strictly prohibited – this can lead to injury in the classroom!

Bickering and arguing with each other is strictly prohibited.

Each practitioner is responsible for ensuring that he and his partner are not injured.

In the Dojo, it is forbidden to eat, drink, smoke, chew gum, talk on a mobile phone.

Every student is responsible for the cleanliness of the Dojo.

Never use clothing or training weapons belonging to someone els.

Rules presence in the dojo

You can attend classes at any time as a spectator if for any reason you cannot practice yourself, but you must observe the following rules of conduct:

You need to sit in a respectful posture, not reclining or perching your legs on the furniture.

It is forbidden to interfere with the training process, talk to someone on the tatami, you cannot talk and wander around when the instructor demonstrates the movement or gives explanations.

In the dojo, it is prohibited to eat, drink, smoke, chew gum, talk on a mobile phone, take photos and videos without permission.


“When practicing AIKIDO, one should fully understand the critical importance of adhering to all safety requirements, rules of conduct in the dojo and internal discipline. It must be remembered that aikido is a martial art. ” // Mitsugi Saotome. Aikido and harmony in nature. – Kiev, 2002. – p. 291.

Security terms

1. The qualities of a beginner aikidoka.

First of all, respect for the spirit of aikido, O-Sensei, his instructor and his dojo. Respectful attitude to the partner and to everyone in the dojo. Unconditional fulfillment of the requirements and recommendations of the instructor. Heightened attention, like a readiness for an instant reaction, a proper combination of courage and caution, relaxation and composure. Cleanliness and neatness.

2. Exercises and techniques performed in the lesson must correspond to the age category and the level of the group’s preparedness (the total practice time of the group and the level of certification of the majority of students are taken into account), the level of preparedness (certification) of the instructor, as well as the season and microclimate in the dojo.

Conditions for admission to classes

1. Medical admission to classes: a permitting certificate from a pediatrician (Somatically healthy, not in contact with infectious diseases, diagnosis)

2. Safety test.

3. Credits to the rules of conduct in the dojo.

4. Availability of the established form for training: white mastiffs (kimono), changeable shoes.

5. Absence of foreign objects on the body and mouth (earrings, rings and other jewelry, chewing gum, etc.).

6. Visual control by the instructor of each student.

Form for classes

The uniform for training (aikidogi or kimono for judo training) must be clean and tidy, the jacket on the back must be smoothed out, the belt must be tied in the prescribed form.


Meals should be taken no later than 1.5 hours before the start of classes.

Preparation for classes

1. It is necessary to tune in to the lesson, focus on practice and partners.

2. During independent warm-up, it is forbidden to perform exercises and techniques that are not related to aikido or do not correspond to the level of certification of the student without the appropriate permission of the instructor or in his absence.

Group lessons

1. Aikido classes are carried out only under the guidance of an instructor. Participation in classes is not allowed if you feel unwell or suspect a viral infection, with traumatic syndromes, with neurotic syndromes and with low attention.

2. If you are not sure of your readiness to perform a given exercise correctly, you should contact an instructor who can recommend another, easier task that matches the form being performed.

3. If during the course it becomes necessary to leave the tatami, you should also ask the instructor for permission.

4. If during the execution of the technique there is a need for additional explanation, you should wait until the instructor himself comes to you. It is important to remember that the explanations that are given in the process of performing the techniques are intended only for the person to whom they are given, that is, if the explanation does not apply to you personally, it is forbidden to be guided by them.

5. All aikido exercises, both paired and singles, should be performed accurately and carefully, remember that you are responsible for the life and health of your partner, as well as for yourself.

6. In the event of an unforeseen situation, you should calmly and carefully listen and quickly execute the instructor’s commands. When performing an exercise or technique, pair or single, it is necessary to correctly calculate the trajectory of movement and set the distance in such a way as to avoid traumatic situations.

Rules of conduct briefing on Safety Engineering

1. Briefing on Safety Techniques is carried out in the first lesson.

2. Instructions for those who go in for aikido must be held 2 times a year (September-October and February-March) with the preparation of all the necessary documents.

3. Additional instructions on safety precautions must be carried out before the seminars.

Safety precautions when practicing aikido.

To avoid injuries during the training process, trainees must follow the following list of safety rules:

– each student is obliged to strictly follow the instructions of the coach, respect him, as well as those with whom he is engaged in the hall;
– before starting the training, the cleanliness and condition of the tatami (wrestling mat) covering, as well as the integrity of your own kimono (training clothes) are checked;
– at the beginning of the workout, a warm-up (body warming up) is carried out independently, under the guidance of a coach or senior student;
– before starting to study a technique or technique, the student must master various options for safety actions;
– pairs of students to study technical actions should be formed taking into account the weight category and their technical readiness;
– when practicing technical actions, you should monitor the correctness of their implementation; when a signal is given to hand over, the reception (technique) ends immediately;
– wearing various jewelry (rings, rings, chains, watches, etc.) during training is not allowed;
– students are required to ensure that their fingernails and toenails are cut short;
– rude and incorrect behavior during training is prohibited, especially during games on the tatami;
– students who resume their training after a long break due to illness or injury are allowed to practice with the permission of a doctor.
A first aid kit is required in the classroom!


Etiquette, tradition, attitudes and discipline in the hall

One of the main aspects of studying budo is mastering personal discipline, i.e. their behavior and self-control. The first and most obvious point of discipline is the etiquette of the relationship with the instructor and peers, which is used in the the hall or at any other site for training.

Sometimes the etiquette that is adopted in aikido seems to be some kind of cult. Aikido is not a religion. Bows and observance of special ceremonies serve only to train your consciousness, and not to the goals of any cult or submission. Correct adherence to etiquette in aikido will contribute to the development of your discipline:

1. When students enter or leave the gym, they turn to face the training area and bow, expressing gratitude for the training space.

2. Students and guests are required to remove hats and shoes, remove cigarettes and chewing gum, turn off radios, and stop any other activity that may interfere with the training process in the hall.

3. Pupils, entering the hall, greet the instructor with a bow and say: “Oss”. Familiar students are also greeted with a bow. When a student enters or leaves the tatami (wrestling mat), he also bows in the direction of the place where the portraits of the Founders of Aikido and the style are located, expressing gratitude to those who have been involved in the development of aikido in the past and present.

4. When the group is ready for the lesson, the students line up, then sit down on command, keeping the alignment in a straight line. Students with a higher degree sit on the right, the rest on the left, in descending order.

5. The student with the highest grade gives the command “Shomen ni rei” (Bow forward), which is a sign of respect for the Founder and the traditions of aikido. Then the senior student gives the command “Sensei ni rei” (Bow to the teacher).

6. It is very important not to be late and to be present at the start ceremony. If you are late, you should wait near the tatami until the teacher allows you to start your studies. Before stepping on the tatami, bow while sitting.

7. Shoes should be placed on a special stand or in another place designated for it. If the shoes are located in the immediate vicinity of the tatami, then they are aligned along the edge of the tatami, the socks should point in the opposite direction to it. It is prohibited to enter shoes on the tatami.

8. Training always begins and ends with a bow between partners.

9. When the teacher corrects the student, the student should bow and say “Oss” or “Thank you.”

10. If you want to ask a question to the instructor, you need to go up to him and bow. Never call him to you.

11. When the instructor leaves the tatami, his rights and respect are transferred to the senior student.

12. During training, anyone who wants to leave the tatami or is going to do something other than the rest of the group must first ask the coach’s permission. If the instructor is absent or busy at the moment, then permission should be asked from the senior student.

13. For aikido training, special clothing called “dogi” or “kimono” should be used. It helps you focus more on your workout.

14. If the dogi gets into a mess during training, the partners should bow to each other, then stand up straight and correct their shape.

15. You cannot shout, swear or get angry on the tatami. If this happens, then you need to invite an instructor.

16. Respect more experienced comrades and never argue over technique. Respect the opinion of the experienced and never try to impose your ideas on them. You are here for practice. Aikido is an experience, so keep all conversation to a minimum.

17. If you understand how to perform the exercise correctly, but your partner does not understand, help him. Do not try to correct your partner and give him directions until you are entitled to do so.

18. Pay no attention to the mistakes of others, just practice with satisfaction. Don’t spit, blow your nose, laugh, or speak loudly.

19. When the session is over, the students, on command, sit on their knees before the instructor sits down and sit until the instructor gets up.

20. After the training is over, the students should bow to their partners, expressing their gratitude for the training.

21. On the tatami, you must sit in seiza. If you have an injury, you can cross your legs, but your legs should never be stretched out, and you should also not lie down and touch the walls.

22. Never stand idle on the mat. Either practice or sit in seiza.

23. During the practice the tatami can be left only in case of injury or illness.

24. Each student is obliged to take part in creating a favorable atmosphere of harmony and respect.

25. Every student is obliged to maintain cleanliness in the dojo, to purify his mind and his heart.

26. Nails on hands and feet should be cut short. The body must be clean (shower before and after training).

27. Never take what is not given to you, knowing that it belongs to others. Do not encourage or approve of those who do this.

28. Respect for the instructor’s method of teaching. Tatami is not a place to resolve disputes, it is a place to achieve harmony.

29. Only the instructor decides whether he will teach you or not. You cannot buy techniques. Monthly membership fees provide you with a place to study. Each student is required to pay their fees on time.

30. All members of the club are prohibited from accepting a challenge to a duel from other people, not members of the club, without permission from the management of the club. The one who entered the duel without permission is expelled from the club members at the moment of its beginning. By becoming a member of the club, you establish socially useful, personal relationships with people from various social, social, professional groups, expand your cultural horizons and acquire various useful skills in managing your body, and improve your health.

31. Etiquette is not a written rule of human behavior in life. What is important is your personal feeling of the current situation, and instant, sincere action, and not formal compliance with the rules established by someone. The rules only show a pattern for action in a particular situation. But there are no rules for all occasions.